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Panel 004: A challenge of street anthropology in IUAES2014 held at Makuhari, Chiba 

Posted by streetwisdom on 28.2014 最新ニュース
A challenge of street anthropology

Location 102a
Date and Start Time 16 May, 2014 at 17:30
Convenor
Yasumasa Sekine (Kwansei Gakuin University) email
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Short Abstract
Our major aim in this panel is to explore "street phenomena" observed both in the underclass and defeated localities, and to provide ethnographic knowledge with which street-wisdom gets evolved as a resource of tactics for facilitating a survival in the contemporary world.

Long Abstract
The spread of global capitalism associated with neoliberalism has seen the rise of "societies of control", that is, "dual societies" which show a huge gap between the dominant class society and the underclass one. The "underclass" people live barely on or nearby the street, a world of no guarantees, and are very ironically regarded as the avant-garde of the radically changing contemporary society. On the other hand, even those belonging to the mainstream of the home-oriented society are presently afraid of losing their stable position. So it may be noted that there may be a need for everyone to look for the street-wisdom accumulated by the bottom people living on or nearby the street. When we apply this schema to the understanding of locality in the present society, we could visualize the locality of activities and incidents in the marginalized regions, thereby indicating in a broader sense, 'street phenomena'. Since global cities as they grow unprecedentedly tend to exploit their hinterlands extensively, localities on their peripheries are forced to struggle to survive. Our major aim in this panel is to explore this "street phenomena" observed both in the underclass and defeated localities, and to provide ethnographic knowledge with which street-wisdom gets evolved as a resource of tactics for facilitating a survival in the contemporary world.

This panel is closed to new paper proposals.

Papers
The challenge of street anthropology: Hindu temple construction as street-edge phenomena under globalisation

Author: Yasumasa Sekine (Kwansei Gakuin University) email

Short Abstract
.I define what Street Anthropology aims at and what kind of viewpoint it should adopt. On the basis of my fieldwork in India and in UK, I conclude that the essential idea of Street Anthropology would be "becoming-street edge" which encompasses the viewpoints of "generative" and "from below".

Long Abstract
Idea on 'Street Anthropology' got rooted when I got inspired that city is a confluence of various street flows (of things, persons, money and information). The current rapid globalization clarifies such a fluid nature of city and local-global getting engaged and entangled. Street Anthropology therefore first requires a change in viewpoint, from the fixed to "the generative". Since street consists of two spaces, center and edge which respectively reflect the dominant and the repressed, it must be the arena in which the viewpoints of top-down and bottom-up are on conflict. Street Anthropology has to certainly adopt "the viewpoint from below" for realizing "a true holistic approach". Street Anthropology as the case of the Subaltern Studies focuses upon the activities of the subaltern living on street edge. I carried out fieldworks in two locations: one on pavement shrines as a space of faith in Chennai, India, and other on Hindu temples built up by the 'British Asians' in London. I find Peirce's semiotics more pertinent for elucidating the process of bricolage of temple construction in the marginalized situations. The process appears to be a generative one of inference and advancing from icon to symbol through index. The exploration comes closer to the philosophical concept of "Becoming-minor" developed by Deleuze and Guattari. Thus, the essential idea of Street Anthropology would be "becoming-street edge" which encompasses the viewpoints of "generative"and "from below". It may contribute to getting rid of the fiction of modernity by which neo-liberalist ideology is justified.

Roadside Buddhas: a religious response to social change in contemporary Sri Lanka

Author: Shinsuke Suzuki email

Short Abstract
This paper focuses on Sri Lankan new popular movement of building Buddhist shrines on the roadside. Discussing backgrounds of the movement, it clarifies that the movement is a manifestation of people’s reaction to the fragmentation of their lives under the rapid socio-economic change.

Long Abstract
During the last decade, Sri Lankan rural and urban landscapes have distinctly changed because of newly built Buddhist shrines on the roadside. Those shrines (Budu Madura) are generally small in size and built by working with voluntary initiative of local residents. It is ascertained that the sites of enshrining Buddha's images have historically spread out: from temples to the inside of laymen's houses (around 1950s), and from houses to roadside (around 2000s). But why did people begin to build them on the roadside? My Recent research in Kandy city reveals two peculiar facts about the movement. One is that the movement rarely entails explicit individualistic motivations, such as this-worldly profit that strongly underpinned other outstanding religious movements in the 20th century, e.g. the Bo-tree worshipping. Rather, people find the significance of 'collectiveness' in the process of building them. The other is that the roadside Buddhas are rarely to be seen in the high-end residential areas where the residing people relatively lead independent lives. These facts indicate implicit correlation between exponential increase of the roadside Buddhas and socio-economic conditions of the contemporary Sri Lankan society. The fragmentation of life is now accelerating, and extending even to the living of ordinary people. Herein lies the significance of the movement, for those who find difficulty in moving up in the society, namely to re-connect social ties from below, against dominant neoliberalist ideology that causes the fragmentation. Roadside turns to be a site for symbolic resistance against socio-economic encroachment on people's collective lives.

Ana botol on the street: between gifts and commodities

Author: Yoshinari Morita email

Short Abstract
Based on fieldwork with ana botol (meaning “bottle kids”) in West Timor, Indonesia, this paper tries to bring a new perspective to research on the urban street by treating the street as a space where two economic systems, namely the gift economy and the commodity economy, interweave and alternate.

Long Abstract
Kupang is the largest city of West Timor, Indonesia. Atoni Meto, an ethnic group which makes up about half of the island's population, mainly reside in underdeveloped villages in the mountains east of Kupang. Since they have hardly any educational opportunities, they have no choice but to engage in low-wage and low-skilled occupations on the streets in Kupang. Among them is a group of men called ana botol (bottle kids), who work as waste collectors, recyclers and peddlers.

When an ana botol has made some money, he will go back to his village and spend the money there. The earnings they make on the street are all used to buy gifts for rituals such as weddings, funerals, and rebuilding tombs in their village. Then they return to Kupang and go back to their work on the street. Such generosity is considered proof of being a mature member of the village. Performing rituals in the village is an important motivation of their labor, and also the main goal of their lives on the urban street.

Based on fieldwork with ana botol, the paper tries to bring a new perspective to research on the urban street by treating the street as a space where two economic systems, namely the gift economy and the commodity economy, interweave and alternate. Ana botol make their life at the edge of the market economy, their lives connected to it but not completely included in it.

Commonality on the urban street, Paris. appropriating the street through music and urban gardening

Author: Monika Salzbrunn (Lausanne University) email

Short Abstract
The analysis of street phenomena in Paris shows how artistic engagement and the occupation of land through urban gardening create commonality. The local social movement managed to preserve the architecture of 19th century workers' homes, and achieved to transform private into public space.

Long Abstract
In the beginning, migration studies have focused on class issues, namely on working immigration in Western Europe. With the cultural turn in the social sciences in the 1990s, class issues were less emphasized, whereas religious, ethnic and cultural belongings have been overemphasised.

The analysis of street phenomena in the Parisian district of Belleville shows how artistic engagement and the use and occupation of land through urban gardening create commonality. A common heritage in terms of working class history is discursively mobilised in order to argue in favour of a conservation of the district's architecture. The anarchistic urban gardening movement which emerged later on has also led to a successful change in local politics so that the inhabitants were able to keep their shared piece of land. Hereby, the local social movement successfully managed to preserve the architecture of 19th century workers' homes, as well as to transform private into public space. This political victory, enhanced by artist's performances, can be interpreted as a response to global political issues (class; ecology) on a local scene. The present study contributes to the development of anthropology of the street by long-term ethnographic research that was particularly based on the observation of (semi-)public events. Events that were announced and/or took place on the street were used as entry points to the fields and as a main focus of the analysis. This approach gives constructive answers to the critiques of methodological nationalism and provides an innovative example for the location of migration.
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Posted by streetwisdom on 08.2013 最新ニュース
10月19日に本科研プロジェクトの共催する研究集会を開催します。参加申し込みは関根康正研究室にメールまたは電話・ファックスで行ってください。
電子メール:cte57208@kwansei.ac.jp 電話・FAX 0798-54-7462

岩田チラシ表40

岩田チラシ裏 40


岩田慶治先生追悼シンポジウム
<草木虫魚と向きあう>

日時:2013年10月19日(土)12:30~17:30
場所:国立民族博物館 第4セミナー室

趣意:
岩田慶治は人間の文化の外にある、文化を包みこむ世界を探し求めた稀有な人類学者です。地理学を志した若いころ、自然の側から人間をみる方法を模索したといいます。万物の美的秩序「コスモス」というフンボルトの理念、禅寺に止宿し読んだ道元の「正法眼蔵」は、氏がつねに立ち帰る学問的原風景です。
ラオスにはじまる東南アジア各地を経巡る調査行で、草木虫魚のたましいにであいます。それは文化や社会をこえて、自分からも自由になる生き方の研究になっていきました。
このシンポジウムは本年二月に逝去された岩田慶治氏の生涯をかけた思索の道筋をたどり、人類学の里程標としようとするものです。

プログラム:
趣旨説明  松本博之
館長挨拶  須藤健一
第一部:東南アジアを歩く(司会:野村) 
 松本博之  ラオス、パタン村再訪 
 樫永真佐夫 21世紀の黒タイの村から
第二部:からだ・こころ・たましい(司会:関根) 
 野村雅一  言葉の向こうの声
 内堀基光  「カミの人類学」再読:スマンガットとアントゥ
 長谷千代子 アニミズム論再考
第三部:フィールドワークの方法と理論(司会:松本) 
 関根康正  <地と柄>論再考:ケガレ論・ストリート論の土台として
 松田素二  創造人類学の衝撃:21世紀のフィールドワーク論のために
 鈴木晋介  「数」の解読:〈つながり〉のフィールドをひらく
第四部:総合討論

懇親会(4階)

主催: 
国立民族学博物館、岩田慶治先生追悼シンポジウム実行委員会
日本学術振興会・2011~2015年度科学研究費補助金基盤研究(A)一般「ストリート・ウィズダムと新しいローカリティの創発に関する人類学的研究」

Posted by streetwisdom on 14.2013 最新ニュース
2013年度第2回共同研究会は、10月27日(日)午後1時~7時に、民博において開催します。

1) 南 博文(九州大学教授)「都市の精神分析:ニューヨークと広島における抵抗と抑圧」
2) 北山 修(九州大学名誉教授)「見るなの禁止:由来とその現在」

2013年度第一回・第二回民博共同研究会のお知らせ

Posted by streetwisdom on 25.2013 最新ニュース
第一回共同研究会は、6月29日(土) 午後1時~7時に民博・第4セミナー室において開催します。

ゲストスピーカー
1) 田嶌 誠一(九州大学教授)「児童福祉施設における暴力問題の理解と対応」
2) 飯嶋秀治(九州大学准教授)「施設と暴力ー児童福祉施設で人類学者として何を体験したか(仮)」


なお、第二回共同研究会は「都市の精神分析:ニューヨークを舞台に」と題して南博文、北山修両氏のご発表で、10月27日(日)午後1時~7時で開催します。

Professor Tom Gill's article for the Street Anthropology 2R

Posted by streetwisdom on 29.2013 最新ニュース
『民博通信』no.139(2012)に、民博共同研究会の第一回発表内容に関わるフクシマからの視座を、共同研究会を代表してもらって執筆していただきました。「放射能と『周辺値域の知恵』」というタイトルでの公刊です。ぜひお読みください。
トム・ギル 2012「放射能と『周辺値域の知恵』」『民博通信』no.139

研究代表者より

streetwisdom

Author:streetwisdom
「ストリートの人類学」と銘打つ長期的な研究プロジェクトの一環として、2011年度より開始された5年間の科研プロジェクトのブログを作成しました。同じく2011年度秋から開始される国立民族学博物館の共同研究会と連動させて進めていきます。研究の進捗にご期待ください。
(関根康正)

上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。